Many providers are often named who “allegedly do not store any log files”. This subject is completely misunderstood. Many of my readers think: “If a provider saves log files, then they can pass them on to the authorities”. However, it is completely overlooked that the normal process when authorities turn to a VPN service is completely different and in the vast majority of cases, log files of VPN providers are not necessary at all!
How do you find a VPN provider WITHOUT logfiles?
lso if a provider also offers tariffs that are limited to one amount of data per month or you can only use 1, 3 or 5 devices with one user account (example), then technically speaking he has to save log files/protocols.
Otherwise he would not be able to implement these limits! You can find an overview of these providers at http://www.vpnnologs.com/fi/vpn-ilman-lokeja/.
Even if he says the opposite on his website or wherever.
Example of log file storage with CyberGhost: The limits for the tariffs, which indicate a limited number of devices that can be used, can ONLY be technically implemented by using protocols (log files):
Not only VPN providers save log files of your activities!
Most of the providers I have tested so far use so-called rental servers. This means that you have rented a server location or the entire server at one location and only manage it. Particular mention should be made of the VPS, i.e. the “virtual private servers”. These run in parallel on a single hardware, so to speak. This process is also called “virtualization”.
These “VPS servers” are comparatively inexpensive and actually offer the same range of functions as a “real server” with its own hardware would do. However, the following costs must also be taken into account for your own hardware: location rental, Internet connection including data billing, power connection costs, power consumption, back-up solution, power failure backup devices, etc. Therefore the running costs with an own hardware with corresponding internet connection add up to 1000 Euro or more per month, while VPS servers are already available for 5 Euro per month!
Now one may correctly also see the advantages of the VPS servers, which are naturally also to be understood in a fast addition posting, performance extension on push of a button etc..
The really important advantage for VPN providers is also that the IP addresses used by this rented server always run to the “hoster”, i.e. the “landlord”.
This has the consequence that for an authority, which is interested in the user of an IP address at a certain time ONLY the hoster is available as direct contact person.
- The VPN provider is thus actually off the hook (adage) as he no longer has to answer any inquiries from the authorities.
- However, the hoster is partly also locally obliged to log the user activities which run through his servers.
- Therefore, these hosters also do this and store all incoming and outgoing connections that occur when using the servers. For incoming connections, these are the IP addresses of the VPN service users.
- The outgoing ones are the target websites or services that VPN users use with them.
If there is a local legal obligation to give this data to an authority, the hosters will also do so. Because their business model is not to enthuse individual users for VPN services, but to rent out Internet servers, whereby legal problems or penalties that could lead to the closure of the company are rather hindering.
This means that log files about user activities are stored for most VPN services, even if the VPN providers themselves are not aware of this. (In the hosting contracts these things are ALWAYS clearly regulated, so the VPN providers know about it very well! See also http://www.electronicdiversity.com/ for more information.